Article above from 2002.
John Rawls (b. 1921, d. 2002) was an American political philosopher in the liberal tradition. His theory of justice as fairness describes a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights and cooperating within an egalitarian economic system. His theory of political liberalism explores the legitimate use of political power in a democracy, and envisions how civic unity might endure despite the diversity of worldviews that free institutions allow. His writings on the law of peoples set out a liberal foreign policy that aims to create a permanently peaceful and tolerant international order.
Remember when Trump suddenly ended up being President of the USA? Remember when Trump, during his campaign, consistently promised to deport undocumented immigrants living in the USA illegally?
On the campaign trail he threatened those cities that refused to ban those in need, the undocumented immigrants.
Protesters at a pro-immigration rally where organizers called for a stop to the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) raids and deportations of illegal immigrants and to officially establish Los Angeles as a sanctuary city.
Many cities said that they would not co-öperate with the hard-line stance of the incoming Trump Administration. When Trump became President, these cities basically became Sanctuary Cities for undocumented immigrants.
Are/were Sanctuary Cities – the cities providing sanctuary to undocumented immigrants – engaged in civil disobedience? Civil resistance?
Is/was the Sanctuary City movement (USA) and its laudable work, public or private?
Are the protests & rallies we have seen in Australia in the last year or so re the states and Federal Government’s Covid Rules & Regulations public or private?
Is Civil Disobedience generally, anywhere, public or private?
Rawls on Civil Disobedience:
Civil Disobedience is a public act. Not only is it addressed to public principles, it is done in public. It is engaged in openly with fair notice; it is not covert or secretive.
One may compare it to public speech, and being a form of address, an expression of profound and conscientious political conviction, it takes place in the public forum.